Arsip Kategori: Bahasa Inggris

previewing a non-fiction book

Before you start to play tennis, for example, you usually do warming up. Otherwise, you many have a lot of difficulties. This is a good idea in reading. Look before you begin serious reading of a book (a non-fiction book ). Then it is much easier to understand. That is what you do when you preview.

The are several ways of previewing a non-fiction book

1. Examine the outside-front and back. (study title, illustration; read the “blurbs” or comments on the jacket or cover; study the massages on the end flaps, if any.)
2. Note the author’s name; read any biographical information about him (What are his qualifications?)
3. Check the publisher’s name and the copyright date. (dates are of  almost importance in many areas of study. The book, if unrevised, could be very outdated. Study the publishing history-number of copies; dates of reprints,  etc. This information normally is found on back of the title page
4. Read the front matter-Introduction, Preface, Foreword, etc. (A quick check of this information will give a good indication of what the writer sets out to do in the book.)
5. Carefully look over the Table of Contents. (This is the skeletal outline for the entire book. It will indicate the writer’s approach and general treatment of the subject, the number of chapters and their approximate leght and structure. It will also list back matter-Indexes, Bibliographies, Glossaries, etc)
6. Thumb throught the book. (Stop briefly to note layout and typography.Note any graphics-photographic inclusions, maps, diagrams, cartoons,foldouts, etc)
7. If there is an overall Summary of Conclusion, read it carefully
8. Peruse Indexes, Bibliographies, or Glossaries if any are included
9. From the preview, evaluate the book’s value for your purpose. (If it lacks what you need or want, select another title and repeat this preview process.)

Soal ini….

Argh…., masuk ke soal ujian (Ujian Tengah Semester). Saya tahu dan mengaplikasikan betul ‘ilmu’ di atas. Cuma.., ya saya gag hapa persis. Whua……

Jadinya yang saya tulis di kertas ujian :

1. Examine the outside-front and back, read the comment on the jacket or cover

2. Read the “blurbs” on the jacket or cover and back of the book

3. Read the summary [haw... haw... mangnya ada summary???]

4. Check the publisher’s name

5. Check the published date

6. Read the author [hua... mestinya itu "Note the author’s name; read any biographical information about him" Buat apa coba kalo cuma 'read the name']

7. Carefully look over the Table of Contents. [hore... ini persis. Saya ingat walaupun singkat.]

8. Thumb throught the book. [ini juga persis, Walaupun singkat banget]

9. If there is an overall Summary of Conclusion, read it carefully. [hore lagi... ini persis juga]

Kira-kira begitulah jawabannyah di Answer Sheet. Ya, mendinglah daripada gag isi. Dan sangat “mending” daripada teman-teman yang nyontek, liat jimat, buka buku, blablabla, ituh….

Hore….! Semoga dosennya baik.

Faster Effective Reading

The comprehension passage on this course are designed to help your reading speed. A higher reading rate, with no loss of comprehension, will help you in other subjects as well as English, and the general principles apply to any language. Naturally, you will not read every book at the same speed. You would expect to read a newspaper, for example, much more rapidly than a physics or economics textbook, but you can raise you average reading speed over the whole range of material you wish to cover so that the percentage gain will be the same whatever kind of reading you are concerned with.
The reading passages which follow are all of an average level of difficulty for your stage of instruction. They are all approximately 500 word long. They are about topics of general interest which do not require a great deal of specialized knowledge. Thus they fall between the kind of reading you might find in your textbook and the much less demanding kind you will find in a newspaper or light novel. If you read this kind of English, with understanding, at say 400 words per minute, you might skim through a newspaper at perhaps 650-700, while with a difficult textbook you might drop to 200 or 250.
Perhaps you would like to know what reading speed are common among native English-speaking university studens and how those speeds can be improved. Tests in Minnesota, USA, for example, have shown that students without special training can read English of average difficulty, for example Tolstoy’s War and Peace in translation, at speed of between 240 and 250 w.p.m. It is further claimed that with intensive training over seventeen weeks speed of over 1000 w.p.m, can be reached, but this would be quite exceptional.
If you get to the point where you can read books of average difficulty at between 400 and 500 w.p.m with 70% or more comprehension, you will be doing quite well, though of course and further improvement of speed with comprehension will be a good thing.
In this and the following three passages we shall be looking at some of the obstacles to faster reading and what we can do to overcome them.

Think of passage as a whole
When you practice reading with passages shorter than book length, like the passages in this course, do not try to take in each word separately, one after the other. It is much more difficult the grasp the broad theme of the passage this way, and you will also get stuck on individual word which may not be absolutely essential to a general understanding of the passage. It is a good idea to skim through the passage very quickly first (say 500 word in a minute or so) to get the general idea of each paragraph. Titles, paragraph headings and emphasized word (underlined or in italics) can be a great help in getting this skeleton outline of the passage. It is surprising how many people do not read titles, introductions or paragraph heading. Can you, without looking back, remember the title of this passage and the heading of this paragraph?

(From Practical Faster Reading)

Ya, ini materi kuliah pertama kali. Kesannya cuma text biasa yang pake pertanyaan di bawahnya (setelah text ini ada pertanyaannya,-red). Tapi jika dibaca ulang, text ini gag hanya buat ngejawab pertanyaan tapi ada ilmunya juga di dalamnya.

Beda banget sama text yang ada di buku pelajaran Bahasa Inggris itu. Nggak penting apa isinya, yang penting bisa ngejawab pertanyaannya. Nah, di sini selain buat ngejawab pertanyaan, text ini berfungsi sekaligus ngasi tahu gimana “membaca cepat yang efektif” itu.

Hati-hati dengan Nama !

020908-Bahasa Inggris
[catatan: belajar mata kuliah Bahasa Inggris ini, komunikasi dilaksanakan dengan Bahasa Inggris juga. Tapi, berhubung saya, tidak terlalu aktif Bahasa Inggris, makanya saya tulis pake Bahasa Indonesia aja. Insya Allah, ke depannya saya pake bahasa Inggris juga untuk mata kuliah ini. Tssaah!!]
Pak Dosen bilang (pake bahasa inggris), “Hati-hati dengan nama kamu!”. Soalnya, kata Pak Dosen, nama Indonesia sering bermasalah pas bikin visa. Misalnya Afrisal. Nama ini cuma punya satu kata. Pertanyaannya, mana nama belakangnya? Bisa-bisa namanya jadi gini : -,Afrisal. Kata Pak Dosen juga, nggak berlaku dong visanya. Lalu, nama seperti Rizki Ari Andi yang ada nuansa-nuansa islamnya. Nama ini bisa dianggap teroris. Cerita, pernah ada temannya yang mau ke negara di Eropa gitu, eh nggak dibolehin masuk ke sono. Soalnya, namanya mirip ama nama teroris. Padahal teman Bapak tu orang Indonesia, ke Eropa buat belajar, malah dibilang teroris. Kan kasian!
Lalu, Pak Dosen cerita tentang TOEFL. Kata Pak Dosen, toefl 300 sama aja dengan ngasih kertas kosong. Because [wackacka…, baru sekarang keluar Bahasa Inggrisnya], angka minimal untuk test toefl emang 300, maksimalnya 750.
Lanjut, Pak Dosen ngasih tugas per kelompok. Satu kelompok ada 4 orang. Tugasnya ituh, ke puskesmas terdekat atau puskesmas yang disukai. Di sana, lakukan survey kecil-kecilan untuk membuat profil puskesmas ituh. Dikumpulnya setelah UTS atau sebelum UAS (?). Untuk sebelum UTS, dipertegas pemahaman tentang reading, speaking, and writing.


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